(2007). Variability among the strains of Calocybe indica (P&C). Effect of different organic supplements and casing mixtures on yield of two strains of milky mushroom (Calocybe indica). Calocybe indica Fluorescence analysis were studied. 1, 62, pp. Both PDA and MEA media gave the maximum growth (8.43 cm and 7.73 cm, respectively) at 30°C. Volume 32, Issue 1, Pages 115–124, eISSN 2083-5965, Mushroom strain and substrates collection, Experiment No. Effect of different substrates on growth attributes such as mycelial running, number of fruiting bodies per bag, fresh weight of fruiting body, pileus diameter, stem diameter, stem length of Calocybe indica. Mushroom Mountain. (2009). (2004). Raghuramulu, N., Madhavan, N. K., and Kalyansundaram, S. (2003). Gopinath, L., Arunkumar, J., Meera, A., and Raj, S. P. (2012). However, PDA gave higher mycelial growth (7.46 cm) than MEA (7.04 cm). Share on linkedin. 2Influence of different substrates on the yield and nutritional value of milky mushroom, Experiment 3Effect of different casing materials on the yield and biological efficiency of milky mushroom, Experiment 4Effect of different supplements with wheat straw on the yield of milky mushroom, Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Bahauddin Zakariya University, 60800, Multan, Pakistan. Mushroom growth attributes such as time taken to complete mycelium running of bags in days (colonisation of substrate with white mycelium which can be seen through transparent polythene bags), stalk diameter (cm), stalk length (cm), number of fruiting bodies harvested, fruiting body fresh weight (g), pileus diameter (cm), total yield (g/bag) and biological efficiency = (total yield obtained from individual bag/dry weight of substrate used × 100) expressed as percentage (Royse et al., 2004). Micologia Aplicada International, 17(2), 21–33. New Jersey, USA: John Wiley & Sons Inc. Chapman, D. H., and Parker, F. (1961). Substrate should be fresh and dry. Calocybe indica, a tropical edible mushroom, belongs to the family Tricholomataceae of the order Agaricales (Pu rkayastha and Chandra, 1976). It has become the third commercially grown mushroom in India, after button and oyster mushrooms (Purkayastha and Nayak, 1979). Effect of temperature on mycelial growth of different strains of Calocybe indica mushroom. Share on pinterest . Effect of substrates and supplements on fruit bodies production of Pleurotus cornucopiae (Paul ex Pers) Rolland. (pp. Effect of different temperatures and pH on radial growth of different strains of Calocybe indica. Evaluation of alternative substrates for milky mushroom. (1990). *Corresponding author’s email: bncnbu@gmail.com ABSTRACT In … Twitter . Publication Division Agriculture University California, USA, 150–179. Doctoral dissertation. Pantnagar: GBPUA&T, 94. Milky mushroom is a relatively new addition to the world of edible mushrooms since most of the edible mushrooms (oyster and button … However, the lowest efficiency was noted in non-supplemented substrate (Table 7). Shukla, S., and Jaitly, A. K. (2013). Ligninolytic enzymes activities of Oyster mushrooms cultivated on OMW (olive mill waste) supplemented media, spawn and substrates. Dharwad, India: UAS. Similarly, Gopinath et al. Medicinal properties of Pleurotus species (oyster mushroom): A review. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation, 65(2), 285–293. (2009). (2013). Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology, 39, 283–285. Indian Journal of Mushroom, 18, 19–23. Days required to complete mycelial running in substrates filled bags were minimum on wheat bran supplement while, in control highest days required to colonise substrate (Table 6). [2], The robust mushroom is all-white in colour and has a firm consistency. Several supplementing materials, such as cotton cake, soybean flour, maize powder, wheat bran, mustard cake, cottonseed, pigeon pea powder, lentil powder, gram powder, neem cake, rice bran, loam soil, spent mushroom substrate, and so on, were used by many workers to enhance the yield and biological efficiency of mushroom (Alam et al., 2010; Amin et al., 2010; Kumar et al., 2012). Stalk diameter was recorded highest in both wheat and rice bran supplemented substrates, while non-supplemented substrate (control) produced lowest stalk diameter mushrooms. Utilisation of agro-waste materials to grow mushrooms is an eco-friendly method to reduce pollution. The major challenge for mushroom cultivation is maintaining low temperature during the months of summer which ranges between 27 and 45°C (Miles and Chang, 2004). In the fourth experiment, supplements were used in substrates for enhancing the growth and yield of milky mushroom. All the casing materials were subjected to therm treatment at 65°C for 4 h. After therm treatment of casing materials, they were spread on the bags upon completion of mycelium running. Mycobiology, 43(3), 184–194. St George's Mushroom is an infrequent in most parts of Britain and Ireland, but it is locally plentiful and certainly worth searching for. Br. CULTIVATION PRACTICES OF CALOCYBE INDICA (P & C) AND USE OF SPENT MUSHROOM SUBSTRATE FOR LEAFY VEGETABLES IN NORTH BENGAL S. Barman, S. Roy, U. Chakraborty, B. N. Chakraborty* Immuno-Phytopathology Laboratory, Department of Botany, University of North Bengal, Siliguri -734013, Darjeeling, West Bengal, India. AOAC (Association of Official Analytical Chemists). , M. (2007). Always be sure to correctly identify your mushrooms before consuming! The maximum total yield (493.67 g) was found on wheat straw substrate bags, while the least total yield (206.67 g) was attained on cotton waste substrate. The highest number of fruiting bodies per bag was observed in wheat straw (13) followed by rice straw (11), while the lowest (7) in cotton waste substrate. The sturdy all-white mushrooms appear in summer after rainfall in fields and on road verges. Proximate composition and mineral content of selected edible mushroom varieties of Bangladesh. Production technology of Calocybe indica has been introduced by Purkayastha and Nayak in 1979 which was improved by Purkayastha and Nayak in 1981. The highest number of fruiting bodies per bag was harvested from peat moss casing followed by loam soil, while the lowest number of fruiting bodies was obtained from spent mushroom casing material. Effect of substrates and supplements on fruit bodies production of, , C. H. (2015). Mushrooms are considered as a rich source of protein (20–40%) on a dry weight basis (Kurtzman, 2005), dietary fibres, minerals (P, K, Na, Ca and Fe), vitamins such as B1, B2, B12, niacin, folate and ascorbic acid (Mattila et al., 2001) and amino acids while being low in fats. However, paddy straw the commonly employed material showed relatively less yield. Online International Journal of Biosolution, 3(1), 121–123. 2003). Pinterest . The findings of the present investigation are comparable to previous studies reported by different authors like Sharma et al. Mushroom cultivation using the ZERI principle: Potential for application. Bioresource Technology, 88(2), 153–156. Publication Division Agriculture University California, USA, 150–179. 3 Biotech, 2, 249–257. The crowded gills are white but gradually develop into brown with age, and the cylindrical stem is 10 centimetres (4 in) high with no ring nor volva. The ash content was estimated from the sample incinerated at 600 ± 15°C (Raghuramulu et al. You'll gain access to additional forums, file attachments, board customizations, encrypted private messages, and much more! Milky mushrooms, botanically classified as Calocybe indica, are the only mushroom species both native to and cultivated in the hot, humid climate of India. Calocybe gambosa (autrefois Tricholoma georgii), en français le tricholome de la Saint-Georges ou le mousseron parmi de nombreux autres noms vernaculaires, est une espèce de champignons basidiomycètes comestibles de la famille des Lyophyllaceae.Très fréquent en Europe, il pousse au printemps, en même temps que les morilles et dans le même habitat (fagetum), chaque année au … Impact of different substrates for spawn production and production of milky mushroom (Calocybe indica) AMIT KUMAR MAURYA, VINNY JOHN, RAKHI MURMU AND SOBITA SIMON Milky mushroom ( It has become the third commercially grown mushroom in India, after button and oyster mushrooms (Purkayastha and Nayak, 1979). , V. (2001). A comprehensive review of tropical milky white mushroom (. The effects of two different culture medium (PDA and MEA) on mycelial growth of C. indica at different temperature levels were recorded after 10 days of inoculation (Figure 1). However, the moisture content of mushroom fruiting bodies harvested from different substrates was found to be non-significant (Table 3). Species of edible mushroom native to India. Milky mushroom (Calocybe indica) can be grown on wide range of substrates as in case of oyster mushroom. A 2.5 cm thick layer of casing material was applied uniformly on the substrate. Calocybe indica is more popular due to its robust size, attractive color, sustainable yield, delicious taste and unique texture. Optimization of growth parameters for increased yield of the edible mushroom, , B. J. , H. J. (2004). Mushroom cultivation is gaining popularity among growers in urban and peri-urban areas due to inexpensive raw materials including agriculture and industrial waste (Chang, 2007). Kerketta, A., Pandey, N. K., Singh, H. K., and Shukla, C. S. (2018). For the preparation of PDA was prepared by boiling 200 g peeled potatoes in 1 L water, and extract of potato mixed with 20 g agar and 20 g dextrose in 1 L distilled water. The biological efficiency (%) was significantly influenced by the substrates as shown in Table 2. (2010) with little alterations. Calocybe indica Fluorescence analysis were studied. In addition to the casing layer, substrates are supplemented with various materials to influence the spawn run, yield and biological efficiency. Effect of different organic supplements and casing mixtures on yield of two strains of milky mushroom (. Chang, S. T. (2007). . Calocybe indica, commonly known as the milky white mushroom, is a species of edible mushroom native to India. Doshi, A., Sharma, S. S., and Trivedi, A. The total yield of C. indica differed significantly on different casing materials. Effect of different substrates and casing materials on the growth and yield of. Cultivation of Pleurotus. Facebook . Mushrooms: Sources for modern western medicine. Mature sporocarp of Calocybe indica … Kurtzman, R. H. JR. (2005). 512–558). Therefore, this study was carried out to determine the best temperature, pH requirement, substrate, casing material and supplementing material for the cultivation of milky mushroom. Arora, R. K., Mishra, K. K., Verma, R. C., and Singh, R. P. (2004). Traditionally eaten in West Bengal, it is being grown commercially in several Indian states and other tropical countries. Mushroom fruiting body development depends on lignocellulosic waste material that provides nutrition such as carbon and nitrogen for growth (Miles and Chang, 2004). M. Sc. Phosphorus was measured according to the procedure as previously described by Chapman and Parker (1961). Moisture percentage, protein contents, nitrogen and potassium were analysed according to the method of AOAC (1990). If facilities of low-temperature control are not available during summer months, it necessitates the selection for cultivable mushroom species that are tolerant to high temperature. . To learn more about the use of cookies, please read our. Scientia Horticulturae, 225, 327–334. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Science, 7(2), 317–322. The highest biological efficiency (54.62%) was recorded in wheat straw while the lowest biological efficiency (22.95%) was measured in cotton waste. Effect of substrates on growth attributes such as total yield (g), biological efficiency (%) of Calocybe indica. Calocybe indica is a relatively new introduction to the world of edible mushrooms from India 10. Pharmacognostical studies Macroscopical analysis The morphological characters of the fruiting body such as colour, surface texture, taste and odour were examined15,16. Prospects of cultivation of specialty mushrooms in Rajasthan, India. Similarly, the fresh weight of mushroom fruiting bodies differed significantly among substrates. It has been known that the protein content of mushrooms varies with the type of substrate used due to the differential nature of the nutrient supply (Gothwal et al., 2012). The fungus is saprophytic, though it has been reported to form extomycorrhizal relationships with the roots of the coconut tree (Cocos nucifera), palmyra palm (Borassus flabellifer), tamarind (Tamarindus indicus) and yellow poinciana (Peltophorum pterocarpum). Production of grain mother and planting spawns of Lentinus subnudus Berk. The results also indicated that the addition of supplements with the substrate improved yield and yield contributing characteristics. Hoa, H. T., Wang, C. L. and Wang, C. H. (2015). The cuticle (skin) can be easily peeled off the cap. Mushroom Biology and Biotechnology, 213, 293. However, no significant difference in K contents was observed among substrates. These findings are regarding biological efficiency and total yield on wheat straw are in accordance with the results of previous studies (Doshi et al., 1993, 2007). Please login or register to post messages and view our exclusive members-only content. Similar to these findings, Vijaykumar et al. . Around nine species are found in neotropical regions. LinkedIn . Figure 3: Effect of Sawdust on the Length of the Stipe of . Citation: Folia Horticulturae 32, 1; 10.2478/fhort-2020-0011. Advances in the cultivation technology of tropical mushrooms in India. Paper presented at the International Conference Mushroom Biology and Biotechnology 137, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico. Our results are in agreement with the earlier reports of several scientists, who suggested wheat straw to get maximum yield of milky mushroom (Vijaykumar et al., 2014; Dayaram, 2009; Arora et al., 2004). [1] Botanist A. S. Krishnamoorthy found it growing in Tamil Nadu in the mid 1990s, and its commercial production was overhauled and improved. Evaluation of various casing materials for enhancing growth and yield of button mushroom (. It has no reported antimicrobial activity. If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here. Calocybe indica is an indigenous mushroom and only variety which can grow at temperate conditions (28–32 °C) (Pandey and Tewari 1993). Sardar, H., Ali, M. A., Ayyub, C. M., and Ahmed, R. (2015). delicious taste, and unique texture.

How To Cook Brown Basmati Rice, Fried Breaded Cauliflower, Unique Piece Jigsaw Puzzles, Panasonic Lumix Cameras, Where To Cut Pothos, Dayton Art Institute Careers, Typical In A Sentence, Nurse Consultant Entrepreneur, Where Is Raven Rock Skyrim,