Gorgonain Informaton, Gorgonian care for all types of gorgonians, and Gorgonian Photos. Image ID: 34707 Species: Gorgonian, Gorgonacea Location: Vatu I Ra Passage, Bligh Waters, Viti Levu Island, Fiji Plexauridae sea fan or gorgonian on coral reef. In the wild, Gorgonian corals eat a wide variety of marine organic matter, as they inhabit a wide variety of environments. In return, the coral provides the algae with carbon dioxide and a place of residence closer to sunlight. What are Gorgonians The Gorgonians inhabit many areas of the oceans. Although some species are not ideal for aquarium environments, some of them are relatively easier to manage -- and their brightly colored, distinct appearance can make them an interesting addition to your tropical tank. A species like the Purple Sea Blade, for example, contains a marine algae called zooxanthellae. This video shows many of the characteristics of the Pacific Encrusting Gorgonian. Gorgonian Octocorals are one of the most abundant, diverse, and eye-catching features on western Atlantic and Caribbean shallow-water Coral Reefs. In addition to this, Gorgonian corals can be fan-shaped, finger-shaped, blade or whip shaped, or look like polyp-covered rods. It is important, at least for some species of Gorgonian coral, to have at least a moderate rate of water flow. They do not need to be fed if there are fish in the tank. This video makes us all want to run out and buy one of these beautiful gorgonians! They get along with their own species, but other gorgonians can over take them, so keep each at a distance from one another. Scleraxonia gorgonians have an axial skeleton that is permeated with calcareous spicules, these aid in support and structure. Corals Soft Corals Gorgonians & Sponge Tank Raised Grube's Photosynthetic Gorgonian Soft Coral As Low As: $25.00 Tank Raised Photosynthetic Gorgonian Soft Coral As Low As: $29.00 Turn your light down or put them somewhere else in the tank that has dim lighting. Like the majority of the Octocorals, Gorgonians, are colonial sessile animals. The stem attaches to the substrate, with the delicate branches radiating outward. And speaking of water flow, make sure the new frag is exposed to a steady current of water with moderate light. Salty Underground has one of the largest selections of WYSIWYG live Corals for Sale and cheap coral frags online. Gorgonians on the other hand are primarily composed of living tissue. Bushy Black Coral. At present, black corals are placed in the order Antipatharia (phylum Cnidaria, class Anthozoa, subclass Hexacorallia), which consists of approximately 7 families, 42 genera and 230 species. Their polyps grow on the edges of the blades and even though the polyps are white (which non-photosynthetic have), they actually are a photosynthetic gorgonian. Underwater epoxy is commonly used to anchor its base to a piece … The commentary on this video is helpful. One final thing about placement: you will want to consider temperament, too. The Bushy Sea Rod is a more aquarium friendly gorgonian that should be housed in a tank that is at least 100 gallons. Sessile means they are anchored to the substrate, and from there they can be either erect or encrusting. Sadly this coral has a dismal record of surviving in even the most pristine aquariums. The common names, Gorgonian, Horn Coral or Horny Coral, are derived from this substance. Gorgonians usually must be fed to survive in the aquarium. Bushy Sea Rod, Rumphella aggregata in captivity, Pacific Encrusting Gorgonian, Briareum stechei, Captive green Pacific Encrusting Gorgonian, extensive video, Encrusting Gorgonian, pale colored, Erythropodium caribaeorum, Captive Encrusting Gorgonian showing typical coloring, Finger Sea Fan (yellow) Diodogorgia nodulifera, Aquarist filming their yellow Finger Sea Fan, Finger Sea Fan (Red) Diodogorgia nodulifera, Purple Sea Blade, Pterogorgia anceps and Purple Bush Sea Fan, Muriceopsis flavida, Purple Sea Blade in the middle of two Purple Bush Sea Fans, Red Gorgonian, Red Sea Fan, Leptogorgia chilensis, Video of wild colonies of Leptogorgia chilensis, Splendid Knotted Fan Coral, Melithaea (formerly Acabaria) splendens, Beginning of this video shows the Splendid Knotted Fan Coral. gorgonian corals (all species in the order Gorgonacea) stony corals (all species in the order Scleractinia) hydrocorals (all species in the family Stylasteridae). Scleractinia, also called stony corals or hard corals, are marine animals in the phylum Cnidaria that build themselves a hard skeleton.The individual animals are known as polyps and have a cylindrical body crowned by an oral disc in which a mouth is fringed with tentacles. They will shed their outer layer and rind periodically, appearing to be dead, so do not throw it away too soon! Gorgonians are not recommended as a beginner's coral. It is possible to propagate Gorgonian corals. This Gorgonian has wonderful polyps and cuttings look like small Pacific Ocean soft corals from the species … Jungle's Pets and Animal Speak - Newsletter, Finger Sea Fan (Red Finger Coral, Yellow Finger Coral), What Are Gorgonians - Gorgonians, Sea Fans, Sea Whips. But if you had to categorize placement based on the photosynthetic or non-photosynthetic divide, generally keep photosynthetic Gorgonian corals toward the top of your tank. They can be blue, red, yellow, or similarly more prominent colors. Position them away from other corals, as they will overgrow them. Black Corals. The biggest difference between them is that stony corals have a hard calcium-carbonate skeleton while soft corals are flexible. Most importantly, you will want to make sure the organic matter is small enough for the polyps to consume. All rights reserved. Despite the relatively small number of species, black corals are spread throughout all the oceans of the world. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. Are Ghost Shrimp and Tetras Good Tank Mates? Types of Gorgonians Most Gorgonians are very colorful found in shades of yellow, orange, and red. For aquarium hobbyists, a major distinction in Gorgonian corals are the photosynthetic and non-photosynthetic varieties. Like the other factors on the list so far, placement can vary depending on the species. They are found in shallower waters in various habitats and can be brown or yellow, however purple to purple-gray are the most common. Gorgonians are colonial soft corals that belong to the order Alcyonacea. Some Gorgonians like the Finger Sea Fan Diodogorgia nodulifera need a much more steady food supply, with several feedings a day being optimal. The Purple Sea Blade, found in the same waters as the Purple Bush Sea Fan compliment each other! The Gorgonian for sale at Foxy Saltwater Tropicals are sourced straight from the waters of the Caribbean, which is where the greatest concentration of gorgonians are found. Corals fall into two general categories: hard and soft coral. Gorgonian corals also referred to as sea fan corals can be found across the ocean. These are corals with eight-branched tentacles and eight septae in their polyp structure. Formerly known as gorgonians, they are sessile colonial cnidarians that are found throughout the oceans of the world, especially in the tropics and subtropics.Common names for subset of this order are sea fans and sea whips; they are similar to the sea pens of related order Pennatulacea. It is illegal to deliberately collect or damage these species. Waterflow They require good … Setting up a Saltwater Aquarium. Care of Photosynthetic Gorgonians: Those that are photosynthetic need good lighting as well as strong currents. Yes, you can. This gorgonian is non-photosynthetic and makes a great addition to any reef aquarium, or one containing Seahorses. Those in the suborder Scleraxonia are calcium based like other Octocorals. These are best enjoyed by watching amazing videos such as these. They are closely related to other softies such as leather corals ( Sarcophyton, Sinularia , Capnella , etc.). Coral type: Gorgonians. Plexaurella grandiflora - Slit-pore sea rod The fuzzy Gorgonian in the middle is Plexaurella grandiflora and it is called the Slit-pore sea rod. They area easy to care for and will spread onto any surface they come in contact with. (b) Bacterial communities in gorgonian corals without zooxanthellae, mesophotic, and deep-sea species. You can take the steps illustrated above ("Propagation") and use scissors, bone cutters, a razor, and reef-safe epoxies or glues. The term ‘Gorgonian’’ commonly refers to Octocorals (Subclass Octocorallia, Order Alcyonacea) with an internal supporting axis and branching or tree-like appearance. In either case photosynthetic gorgonians don't need to be fed in order to survive. Green Star Polyps have a dark to bright green polyp and a purple base, so they are easy to tell apart. Gorgonian corals, known as sea fans and also called horny corals, belong to the Phylum Cnidaria (the “C” is silent), which means “nettle” in Greek and includes hydroids, anemones, jellyfish and corals. Feed everyday with small planktonic foods or finely minced thawed frozen foods. Gorgonians have a central stem that is tough, yet very flexible. They can reach very large sizes, and have colors that are subdued beige, purple, and pink. If you do not feel glue is right for your frag, fill a PVC pipe (roughly the same size as your cutting) with sand and place the frag inside. Put glue in the hole of an aquarium plug or stone, and then place the bottom skeletal axis inside. Each Gorgonian polyp has about eight tentacles, which catch plankton and particulate matter that is consumed through a … The mass of a stony coral is primarily made up of a rigid calcareous skeleton, with living tissue growing on top. They do not need much light and tend to become covered with cyanobacteria, which is hard to see on this particular color for obvious reasons. Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc or its affiliates. They are a large group of corals with a wide variety of photosynthetic and non-photosynthetic species, and are typically found in tropical and subtropical environments. With non-photosynthetic Gorgonians, you must take due care to feed the species on a daily basis. Alcyonacea, or soft corals, are an order of corals that do not produce calcium carbonate skeletons. Others that grow at great depths or in shaded areas don't require light. Purple Sea Rod, Eunicea flexuosa, and Black Sea Rod, Plexaura homomalla. There are also soft corals that live in deep waters. Gorgonians. The Finger Sea Fan eats every day and uses it's white polyps to take in very small foods. These animals are similar in that they all contain a special type of stinging cell (cnidoblast). White Telesto. As Gorgonian corals inhabit tropical and sub-tropical waters, it makes sense to feed your coral with organic matter that would likely be found in your species' natural environment. They have cylindrical branchlets which sets them apart from Pseudopterogorgia. More details are available below ("Can You Frag Gorgonian Corals?"). This video shows an amazing grouping of Red Gorgonians in the wild. The Purple Candelabra Gorgonian is a gorgeous photosynthetic gorgonian coral boasting a lovely purple coloration and a striking architectural form. Reef aquarium setup for large reef tanks, Nano reef tanks, Pico reef or MIcro reef aquariums with reef tank lighting, filtration, choosing coral reef animals, and problem solving! All cnidarians are carnivores and their tentacles contain tiny harpoons (nematocysts) that can be fired to repel predators and catch food. Scientific Name: Gorgonia sp Reef Compatibility: Reef Safe Minimum Tank Size: 30 gal or more Max Size: Up to 18" in height Food/Feeding: Photosynthetic, does best when fed phytoplankton as well. These species really are found in near-surface reefs in the wild and should be treated as such. There are no hard rules that apply to all different types of photosynthetic corals, but they generally need a moderate to turbulent rate. Holaxonia gorgonians have an axial skeleton composed of a fibrous protein substance known as gorgonin, similar to animal horns, thus the names Gorgonian and Horn Coral. They grow to over 3 feet (1 meter) and need straight moderate water flow, moderate to strong lighting that has 350 to 550 nm for best absorption and 0 phosphates. Similarly, the Purple Sea Blade needs moderate water flow, but the current must be in a sideways and linear direction in order for the colony to grow adequately. Sea fans are colonial animals that have a beautiful, branching structure that is covered by soft tissue. Unlike some corals, this food may be on the microscopic level. While many Leather Corals and Soft Corals make great beginner corals, there are hundreds of other different types of soft corals. This the result of this process is called coral bleaching, and can increase the risk of losing the entire colony. Gorgonians GOC– naked gorgonian axes can be confused with black coral axes but can be easily distinguished by absence of skeletal spines. In our first Caribbean coral identification story, we talked about 10 common stony corals.Today we’ll cover 10 common soft corals. Feed detritus, brine shrimp, Daphnia, Cyclops, or pulverized flake food, shrimp or clams. They are a large group of corals with a wide variety of photosynthetic and non-photosynthetic species, and are typically found in tropical and subtropical environments. Sometimes you can stir up the gravel slightly in order to mix detritus in the water for feeding the detritus eating species. Other species, like the non-photosynthetic Red Gorgonian, should be kept toward the bottom of your tank. They must be anchored to the substrate and need a brisk water movement. Often called flowers of the sea, they are quite varied and beautiful, but are actually animals! As far as I can tell, diverse collections of different gorgonian species packed into a small area are rare in nature. The polyps of this gorgonian are white and are usually only seen during the nighttime when the aquarium's lights are off. Those in the suborder Scleraxonia are calcium based similar to other Octocorals. The axial skeleton of those in the suborder Holaxonia is composed of a fibrous protein substance, known as gorgonin. Great for beginners, this encrusting gorgonian mat has green polyps, as opposed to the tank or brown Briareum of the Atlantic. It is important to be careful as to not overexpose the Gorgonian coral, even if it is photosynthetic. This species of ‘coral’ is less then scum, it looks totally nasty brown when the polyps are out, and it looks like a … The Encrusting Gorgonian, while sometimes having a blue to green cast, is typically cream or light brown. The Purple Bush Sea Fan is the only other plumelike Atlantic gorgonians. This video is quite relaxing! This post may have affiliate links, which means we may receive commissions if you choose to purchase through links I provide (at no extra cost to you). It is interesting to note that even photosynthetic Gorgonian corals can be kept at the bottom of the tank, like the Purple Sea Blade or the Bushy Sea Rod. Gorgonians A Gorgonian, also known as sea whip or sea fan, is an order soft coral found throughout the oceans of the world, especially in the tropics and subtropics. Salty Underground also has an ever increasing variety of Marine fish for sale!These saltwater fish are some of the healtiest marine fish for sale online. Thus the common names, Gorgonian, Horn Coral or Horny Coral, are derived from this substance. They must be anchored to the substrate. Mini reef aquarium guide. Photo © Animal-World: Courtesy David Brough, Giant Clams - Hippopus and Tridacna Clams, Online Dictionary of Aquatic Science Terms, Dr. Salty Underground is the online store for the saltwater hobbiest! What’s more, gorgonians and many other soft corals are capable of drawing phytoplankton directly from the water column. Unit conversion calculator for aquariums: How many gallons are in your aquarium, how many drops in a teaspoon, whats the difference between a US gallon and a UK gallon, not to mention liters? Once they loose 10% of their polyps, death is imminent. [Phyto] It is covered with a living surface called a rind. The reason for this is that a constant -- meaning, a truly ever-present -- source of organic matter needs to be flowing through the water to sustain non-photosynthetic Gorgonian corals. Gorgonian Corals, belonging to the order Alcyonacea, are a group of soft, immobile, cnidarian corals that grow in colonies and whose skeletons are comprised of calcareous substances and/or a protein called gorgonin. It is a bit more sensitive but rewards the aquarist with a beautiful candelabra form. Live coral frags and topics on Nano Reef Aquariums and large reef aquariums, taking care of a reef and coral propagatio, Aquarium Cycling Guide: starting up a new aquarium the right way, Diagnose illness, chart symptoms, suggested medications, What to feed tropical fish fry, livebearers and egglayers, Glossary of aquatic science terms used in ichthyology and aquarium circles for freshwater and marine animals, corals and plants. Two Little Fishies AcroPower Amino Acids Review, ReefWave 45 Review: Red Sea’s Gyre Powerhead. The striking Purple Sea Rod, Eunicea flexuosa, is thicker in diameter than most other purple gorgonian species collected in Florida. Gray Sea Fan Black Coral. Some Gorgonian corals, like the Encrusting Gorgonian, are actually aggressive and can extend sweeper-type tentacles -- so keep in mind the temperament of the Gorgonian you choose. They are not as easy to care for unless the water quality is good. Types of Gorgonians Most Gorgonians are very colorful found in shades of yellow, orange, and red. For our purposes, we are going to mostly examine care for photosynthetic Gorgonian corals. And you can have them sent to your front door by subscription! Most are photosynthetic and so need light to survive, and most must be fed. Aqua Life Hub is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Get some laughs with this seriously funny care sheet on the Aiptasia Glass Anemones! Gorgonians are in the class Anthozoa, which also includes other soft corals (e.g., sea whips), sea anemones, and stony or hard corals. Photosynthetic Gorgonians (like the Encrusting Gorgonian) can similarly be fed brine shrimp, micro-plankton, and rotifers, but this should be done weekly, as the species can survive well enough on light, a healthy water flow, and organic matter (like that of nearby-residing fish). The common names, Gorgonian, Horn Coral or Horny Coral, are derived from this substance. A truly faithful recreation of a tank-sized stretch of reef would probably include one or two species of gorgonians at most, especially considering the enormous sizes that gorgs can attain out in the ocean. A native to tropical ocean areas, wild Gorgonians can be found in the Caribbean and the Caribbean-adjacent eastern Pacific. Some species also get nutrients from zooxanthellae algae. While many other gorgonians are shown in this video, making it worth watching, the Splendid Knotted Fan Coral close up is amazing! Before you do, you may want to use this check list! Pillar corals (Dendrogyra cylindricus): This type of coral … The polyps need to be fed so often that the water quality of the tank will suffer. Most are found in shallow coastal waters down to depths of 985 feet (300 m), with only a few living in deeper seas. Each of these beautiful corals will have care requirements that are just as diverse as the animals they are; consequently not all soft corals are easy keepers. Notes: The Sea Fan is peaceful, but it should be given adequate space away from neighboring corals and anemones. Gorgonians have a central stem that is tough, yet very flexible. Their greatest concentration though is through tropical and subtropical ocean waters. Gorgonians differ from stony corals. Care of Non-Photosynthetic Gorgonians: For those that need to be fed, feed them at least once a week. Your tank should be at least a year old with very stable water conditions and 0 phosphates. Most corals can only be safely identified to species by microscopic examination of the skeleton. Often dwelling in d… When kept in a brightly lit tank, cyanobacteria seems to quickly cover and kill the Finger Sea Fan. It is similar to the horn material of mammals. Primnoidae colonies, for example can be easily distinguished from black coral colonies (Parantipathes There are other similarly colored gorgonians that do better in captivity. Non-photosynthetic Gorgonians are more common in the Pacific, and grow in deeper waters. The coral reefs in the Caribbean are dominated by gorgonians, because they occur there very often. Therefore, in aquarium environments, photosynthetic Gorgonian corals need the lighting to be on the moderate to higher side.