There were no injuries. After the joining up of Line 1 and Line Batong, the subway line will be the longest in the world. Stations are outfitted with touch screen vending machines that sell single-ride tickets and multiple-ride Yikatong fare cards. Full Length: 53 kilometers (33 miles) Main Stops: Yangzhuang, Xihuangcun, Cishousi, Chegongzhuang, Pinganli, Dongsi, Chaoyangmen, Hujialou Line 7: West Railway Station - Huazhuang Full Length: 40 kilometers (25 miles) Line 8: North Section: Zhuxinzhuang - National Art Museum of China; South Section: Zhushikou - Yinghai In 2009, the subway delivered 1.457 billion rides,[127] 19.24% of mass transit trips in Beijing. It is also the second biggest by the number of stations with 414 stations on 16 lines. On February 4, 1965, Chairman Mao Zedong personally approved the project. Line 1 runs underneath Chang'an Avenue, the city's grand east–west thoroughfare, right through the heart of Beijing with stops on either side of Tiananmen Square.Line 1's color is red. [149] Ridership in 2015 fell by 4% to 3.25 billion due to a fare increase from a flat fare back to a distance based fare.[145]. [98], The subway was proposed in September 1953 by the city's planning committee and experts from the Soviet Union. Reporter ZHENG Xin. Download preview. Seoul subway, South Korea. The subway's logo, a capital letter "G" encircling a capital letter "D" with the letter "B" silhouetted inside the letter D, was designed by Zhang Lide, a subway employee, and officially designated in April 1984. on Line 15;[164] 3 min. All stations are fully underground. 2. [214] Admission to the park is free. One ran east–west from Wukesong to Hongmiao, underneath Changan Avenue. [109] Construction began on the eastern extension on June 24, 1992, and the Xidan station opened on December 12, 1992. Subway staff in protective clothing check the temperature of a passenger with thermographic camera on January 27, 2020. The two systems, although complementary, are not related to each other operationally. Ridership reached a new high of 3.66 billion. Basic information about the metro in Beijing. Lines 15 and 16 along with the Changping, Daxing, Fangshan, Yanfang, and S1 lines extend beyond the 6th Ring Road. New Beijing subway to ease traffic congestion, Wu Wenjie, deputy director of China Railway Tunnel Group, China Daily. The line became operational on July 19, 2008. The Xijiao line uses five-car trams and can reach a top speed of 70 km/h (43 mph). The Beijing Subway is the oldest metro service operating in mainland China, since the 1st of October 1969. Service Hours: 06:00 – 19:30 The AFC machines are supplied by the following companies: Thales (Lines 1, 2 and Batong), Samsung SDS (Lines 4, 8 and 10), Founder, OMRON (Line 5), Nippon Signal (Lines 13 & Airport Express). [196] In December 2014, the hotline began offering fare information, as the subway switched to distance-based fare. By route length in operation, the Beijing Subway is the world's longest metro system. SUBWAY GUIDE. With the exception of Line 13 (which has transfers to eight lines) and Line 15 (with transfers to four lines), each of these lines is connected to three or fewer lines. Copyright © 2020 CGTN. The M-series train that appeared on Lines 2 and 13 were made by Japan's. Here is an overview map of it: The general plan of Beijing Subway … [10] After reaching ¥100 of spending in one calendar month, 20% of any further spending up to ¥150 will be credited. The subway was plagued by numerous accidents in its early years, including a fire in 1969 that killed six people and injured over 200. As one of the key project plans of the Beijing Municipal Government in 2020, the new subway line is currently under construction. [205] On July 14, 2010, two workers were killed and eight were injured at the construction site of Line 15's Shunyi station when the steel support structure collapsed on them. Each station has two to 15 ticket vending machines. [111], In the summer of 2001, the city won the bid to host the 2008 Summer Olympics and accelerated plans to expand the subway. Eventually, planning work resumed. The popular underground mall at Xidan station was closed. [195] On December 29, 2013, the hotline number was switched from (010)-6834-5678 to (010)-96165 for abbreviated dialing. and 35 sec. With the three extensions increasing the network to 372 km, the Beijing metro now has 227 stations on 15 lines, with daily passenger traffic expected to reach seven million. With the opening of the Daxing Line on December 30, 2010 the Beijing MTR Corporation operates service on Lines 4 and Daxing as follows: The following stations haven't been opened and not included in the station count: Currently, Line 8 has two sections in operation—from Zhuxinzhuang to National Art Museum in the north and Zhushikou to Yinghai in the south. Reasonator; PetScan; Scholia; Statistics; Search depicted; Subcategories. Interior décor of Beihai North station evokes the white stupa of Beihai Park. Line 5 opened on Oct. 7, 2007. Wuyi New Area Tourism Sightseeing Rail Transit, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 22:14. The Line 2 platform of Dongsi Shitiao station was almost vacant during the Friday evening rush hour on March 20, 2020. [141], On December 28, 2014, the subway network expanded by 62.2 km (38.6 mi) to 18 lines and 527 km (327 mi) with the opening of Line 7, the eastern extension of line 6 (from Caofang to Lucheng), the eastern section of line 14 (from Jintailu to Shangezhuang), and the western extension of line 15 (from Wangjing West to Qinghuadongluxikou). Prior to the December 28, 2014 fare increase, passengers paid a flat rate of RMB(¥) 2.00 (including unlimited fare-free transfers) for all lines except the Capital Airport Express, which cost ¥25,[21] The flat fare was the lowest among metro systems in China. Soviet experts began to leave in 1960, and were completely withdrawn by 1963. Single-day ridership set a record of 13.7538 million on July 12, 2019. Lines 14 and 16 trains run on standard gauge track and draw 1500V DC power from overhead electrical lines. The former was chosen due to more favorable geological foundation and greater number of government bureaus served. [108] The subway was closed from June 3–4, 1989 during the suppression of the Tiananmen Square demonstrations. [202] But its operations have improved dramatically and there have been few reported accidents in recent years. [206] On September 17, 2010, Line 9 tunnels under construction beneath Yuyuantan Lake were flooded, killing one worker. For visiting the cities key attractions visitors will find Line 1 and Line 2 the most useful. [130][131] On December 30, 2010, five suburban lines: Lines 15 (Phase I from Wangjing West to Houshayu except Wangjing East station), Changping, Fangshan (except Guogongzhuang station), Yizhuang (except Yizhuang railway station), and Daxing, commenced operation. There will be 6 fully automated lines at the level of GoA4, including 2 lines in operation (the Yanfang line and the Daxing Airport Express) and 4 lines under construction (Line 3, Line 12, Line 17 and Line 19), using domestically developed communications-based train control systems. From August 12, 1973, to June 30, 1974, and in January 1975, the subway was closed due to defense mobilization. [108] Ridership reached 105 million in 1985.[108]. subway operator seeks Beijing projects", "Beijing opens three new subways ahead of Olympics", Beijing subway system busy during Olympics, Xu Wei, "Beijing launches three new subway sections", "Beijing starts building five more subway lines", Beijing's 'intelligent' metro line able to identify unmasked passengers, Beijing promises integrated subway service for disabled. Line 4 was funded by the Beijing MTR Corporation, a joint-venture with the Hong Kong MTR. [142][143] At the same time, the ¥2 flat-rate fare was replaced with a variable-rate fare (a minimum of ¥3), to cover operation costs. [65] In early 2015, plans for both monorail lines were shelved indefinitely, due to low capacity and resident opposition. This makes it the second longest subway system in the world, only after Shanghai Metro. [207] A city official who oversaw waterworks contracts at the site was convicted of corruption and given a death sentence with reprieve. and has 394 stations] By route length in operation, the Beijing Subway is the second longest subway system in the world after the Shanghai Metro. Second only to the Shanghai Metro system, it is the second longest metro network with 18 lines, covering 334 stations and spanning over a length of 554 km. In 1954, a delegation of Soviet engineers, including some who had built the Moscow Metro, was invited to plan the subway in Beijing. Beijing Subway lines generally follow the checkerboard layout of the city. 9, 24, 126, 619, 673, 674, 804, Special Line 2, Night Line 28, Capital Airport Shuttle Bus Line 3, Capital Airport Shuttle Bus Xidan Night Line, Nanyuan Airport Shuttle Bus Railway Station Line. Daegu subway fire in February 2003), the subway removed all shops and vendors from the inside of stations and installed self-illuminating exit signs to facilitate emergency evacuation. The Beijing Subway is the rapid transit system of Beijing Municipality that consists of 23 lines including 19 rapid transit lines, 2 airport rail links, one maglev line and one light rail line. [117] Batong line, built as an extension to Line 1 to Tongzhou District, was opened as a separate line on December 27, 2003. The Beijing subway is the world’s busiest with 3.66 billion trips made in 2016, but authorities continue to seek to connect Beijing, Hebei and Tianjin into a megalopolis. On a total of 655 million rides delivered in 2007, the government's subsidy averaged ¥0.92 per ride.[120]. Ticket Problem 《 Details. [12] The Daxing Airport Express is the only line to maintain class-based fares with ordinary class fare varying with distance from ¥10 to ¥35 and business class fare fixed at ¥50 per ride. DELAY CERTIFICATE. The Beijing Subway is the rapid transit system of Beijing Municipality that consists of 23 lines including 19 rapid transit lines, 2 airport rail links, one maglev line and one light rail line. [48] Line 19 was planned to run north–south, from Mudanyuan to Xin'gong. Initially, the subway hosted guest visits. [145] Average daily and weekday ridership also set new highs of 9.2786 million and 10.0876 million, respectively. Averages are for Beijing, which is 6 miles from Beijing. [183], Interchange stations that permit transfers across two or more subway lines receive heavy traffic passenger flow. 3 km with 405 stations, including 62 interchanges, overtaking Shanghai to become the world’s largest metro network. This category has the following 2 subcategories, out of 2 total. [31], The new lines will significantly expand the subway's coverage, especially south and west of the city. With the near completion of the three ring, four horizontal, five vertical and seven radial subway network, work began on Phase II expansion projects. Before the system began its rapid expansion in 2002, the subway had only two lines. All subway train sets run on 1,435 millimetres (56.5 in) standard gauge rail, except the maglev trains on Line S1, which run on a maglev track.[87]. Passengers must insert the ticket or scan the card at the gate both before entering and exiting the station. [147], On December 26, 2015, the subway network expanded to 554 km (344 mi) with the opening of the section of Line 14 from Beijing South railway station to Jintailu (11 stations; 16.6 km (10.3 mi)), Phase II of the Changping line from Nanshao to Changping Xishankou (5 stations; 10.6 km or 6.6 mi), Andelibeijie station on Line 8, and Datunlu East station on Line 15. [106] The line delivered 11 million rides in 1973, averaging 54,000 riders per day. Each station is equipped with ramps, lifts, or elevators to facilitate wheelchair access. Beijing Subway is the busiest metro system in the world. They studied the use of the Moscow Metro to protect civilians, move troops and headquarter military command posts during the Battle of Moscow, and planned the Beijing Subway for both civilian and military use.[99]. Riders were subject to searches of their persons and belongings at all stations by security inspectors using metal detectors, X-Ray machines and sniffer dogs. [106], Despite its return to civilian control in 1976, the subway remained prone to closures due to fires, flooding, and accidents. It ranks second in the world by annual ridership with 3.88 billion rides delivered in 2019. When spending exceeds ¥150, 50% of any further spending up to ¥250 will be credited. [139] On December 28, 2013, two sections were added to Line 8, which extended the line north to Zhuxinzhuang and south to Nanluoguxiang. All stations built since 2007 have platform doors, including the Weigongcun station on Line 4, which opened September 28, 2009. Passengers wear masks and maintain social distancing on a Line 4 train on March 23, 2020. Transfer stations are counted more than once. The lower fare policy caused the Beijing Subway to run a deficit of ¥600 million in 2007, which was expected to widen to ¥1 billion in 2008. From OpenStreetMap Wiki. PASSENGER SERVICES. Currently, Line 14 has two sections in operation—from Zhangguozhuang to Xiju in the west and Beijing South Railway Station to Shangezhuang in the east. [110] National leaders Wen Jiabao, Jia Qinglin, Yu Zhengsheng and mayor Liu Qi were on hand to mark the occasion. So it can be namely depending on the Customer quite different lengths last, when it is really visible Results should go. "New Beijing Subway Line 5 is passenger-friendly", CityWeekend: The Official Beijingology Subway AFC Cheat Sheet (Part 3). Metro or to get to to get to Beijing United Family. Security Check. It runs underneath Chang'an Avenue, the city's grand east-west thoroughfare, right through the heart of Beijing with stops on either side of Tiananmen Square. [171][172] Lines 6[173] and 7 have longer platforms that can accommodate 8-car type B trains,[174] while lines 14 and 16 uses higher capacity wide-body type A trains. [116], Line 13 train between Wudaokou and Shangdi. Beijing subway. Under subway regulations, riders with mobility limitations may obtain assistance from subway staff to enter and exit stations and trains, and visually impaired riders may bring assistance devices and guide dogs into the subway. [186] There are plans to rebuild other interchange stations such as Dongzhimen. Beijing Metro is the oldest and busiest subway system in China. Beitucheng station for Lines 8 and 10, which along with the Capital Airport Express, opened on July 19, 2008. As of November 2020[update], Lines 8 and 14 each operate in two separate sections. The most convenient and quickest way to buy your ticket is by using the self service machines, although these may be packed in peak times and you may find yourself in a queue. Type-A cars, which run on Lines 14 and 16, are 3.1 meters longer, and 20 cm wider than Type-B cars with a designed capacity of 310 passengers per car and 10 sets of doors per train compared to 8 sets of doors per train on Type-B cars. 20, 25, 102, 106, 377, 381, 454, 458, 828, 849, 943, Special Line 12, Night Line 17, Wen’an Special Line and get off at Yongdingmen Long-distance Bus Terminal. Line 13 opened in two parts in 2002 and 2003. The first train 5:10 The last train 22:55 SIHUI East—PINGGUOYUAN. It was first introduced to the inhabitants in 1969. Most of the reported fatalities on the subway are the result of suicides. Figure 1: Comparison of subway/urban public rail network length in Beijing, Shanghai, Berlin and Munich 1975-2015 (Source:,, Schematic map of Beijing's subway, created by Wikipedia Users Ran and Hat600. Beijing now has 22 metro lines. Despite these efforts, during the morning rush hour, conductors at line terminals and other busy stations must routinely restrict the number of passengers who can board each train to prevent the train from becoming too crowded for passengers waiting at other stations down the line. [10] A 40 km trip would cost ¥7. [184], In newer interchange stations, which are designed to permit more efficient transfers, the average transfer distance is 63 m (207 ft). Editorial Stock Photo. Construction is underway to extend a few of the existing lines and add new lines to the system. Until 2003 nearly all trains were manufactured by the Changchun Railway Vehicles Company Ltd., now a subsidiary of the China CNR Corporation. The original proposal called for deep subway tunnels that can better serve military functions. Take subway line 1 or 14 and get off at Dawang Road, then walk south for 10min; or take subway line 7 or 14 to Jiulongshan, then walk north for 10min. Delay Informed. The DKZ53 train on Line 14 pictured above uses Type-A cars, which unlike the more common Type-B cars, are 3.1 meters longer and 20 cm wider, have 10 sets of doors instead of 8 sets of doors, greater carrying and higher top speed. [13] Senior citizens over the age of 65, individuals with physical disabilities, retired revolutionary cadres, police and army veterans who had been wounded in action, military personnel and People's Armed Police can ride the subway for free.[14]. Chairman Mao favored demolishing the wall over demolishing homes. It will be 49.8 km (30.9 mi) with 30 stations when fully completed. Entire Length of Beijing Metro: 678.2 km / 421.4 mi: 1st day of Beijing Metro: 1st October 1969: Number of Vehicles in use: 5,656 (as of 2018) Beijing Metro Map: Buying a ticket. The other ran north–south from the Summer Palace to Zhongshan Park, via Xizhimen and Xisi. After fares rose again to ¥3.00 in 2000, annual ridership fell to 434 million from 481 million in 1999. [140] In 2013, the subway delivered 3.209 billion rides, an increase of 30% from the year before. [139] The 57 km (35 mi) loop line became the longest underground subway loop in the world. Take subway line 2 or bus nos. [70] In November 1975, by order of the State Council and Central Military Commission the bureau was placed under the authority of Beijing Municipal Transportation Department. It starts from Jin'anqiao station and goes west towards Mentougou District. [198], To ensure public safety during the 2008 Summer Olympic and Paralympic Games, the subway initiated a three-month heightened security program from June 29 to September 20, 2008. On December 28, 1987, the two existing lines were reconfigured into Lines 1, which ran from Pingguoyuan to Fuxingmen and Line 2, in its current loop, tracing the Ming city wall. South Railway Station. There is no subway stop at the 12th gate. [101] In 1961, the entire project was halted temporarily due to severe hardships caused by the Great Leap Forward. Line 5 came into operation on October 7, 2007. In July 2001, the Beijing Municipal Government reorganized the subway company into the Beijing Subway Group Company Ltd., a wholly city-owned holding company, which assumed ownership of all of the subway's assets. By route length in operation, the Beijing Subway is the world's longest metro system. This meant Lines 8 (Phase III), Line 3, Line 12, Line 16, the Yanfang line, as well as additional lines to Changping District and Tiantongyuan were to begin construction before 2015. [102] Premier Zhou Enlai placed the subway under the control of the People's Liberation Army in early 1970, but reliability problems persisted. Lines 1, 4, 5, 6 and 8 also run through the Line 2 loop, marking the old Ming-Qing era city of Beijing. The route of the initial line was shifted westward to create an underground conduit to move personnel from the heart of the capital to the Western Hills. BEIJING, Dec. 30 (Xinhua) -- The total length of operational subway lines in Beijing were extended to 637 km on Sunday with the trial operation of two extension lines. Passenger services center. The Beijing Subway system has 22 lines and over 350 stations! (Pictured: South Gate of Forest Park), In the summer of 2008, in anticipation of the Summer Olympic Games, three new lines—Line 10 (Phase 1), Line 8 (Phase 1) and the Capital Airport Express—opened on July 19. [22] Before the flat fare schedule was introduced on October 7, 2007, fares ranged from ¥3 to ¥7, depending on the line and number of transfers. The first line of the Shanghai Metro was opened in 1993, and the system is currently operated with 12 lines and 303 stations. [19] A May 2018 upgrade allowed entrance via scanning a QR code from the same app.[20]. Line 17 was planned to run north–south, parallel and to the east of Line 5, from Future Science Park North to Yizhuang Zhanqianqu South. Annual ridership grew from 22.2 million in 1976 and 28.4 million in 1977 to 30.9 million in 1978, and 55.2 million in 1980. There were two metro lines until 2002, when a rapid-paced expansion left it with 22 lines and a length of 608.2 kilometers (378 miles). 30 sec. By route length in operation, the Beijing Subway is the world's longest metro system. High Temp: 88 °F. In 2010, Beijing's worsening traffic congestion prompted city planners to move the construction of several lines from the 13th Five Year Plan to the 12th Five Year Plan. [110] The full-length of Line 1 became operational on June 28, 2000. [122] The subway set a daily ridership record of 4.92 million on August 22, 2008, the day of the Games' closing ceremony[123] In 2008, total ridership rose by 75% to 1.2 billion. A model SFX01 Batong line train at Shuangqiao. Line 1 of the Beijing Subway (Chinese: 北京地铁1号线; pinyin: běijīng dìtiě yīhào xiàn) is the oldest and one of the busiest lines of Beijing's mass transit rail network. The rail network extends 699.3 km (434.5 mi) across 12 urban and suburban districts of Beijing, and has 405 stations. Mobile phones can currently be used throughout. [h] On December 27, 1972, the riders no longer needed to present credential letters to purchase tickets. on the Airport Express.[170]. Lines 13 and Batong have converted 4-car to 6-car trains. On the same day, subway fares were reduced from between ¥3 and ¥7 per trip, depending on the line and number of transfers, to a single flat fare of ¥2 with unlimited transfers. on Batong; 3 min. There are 62 transfer stations (3 of them are 3-Line transfer stations, 59 of them are 2-Line transfer stations). Beijing Suburban Railway is operated by the China Railway Beijing Group. The repaired part is only 58 li (18 miles), comprising about 5% of the full length. On subway maps, the Capital Airport Express' color is magnolia. In 2014, city budgeted ¥15.5 billion for subway construction, and the remainder of subway building costs was financed by the Beijing Infrastructure Investment Co. LTD, a city-owned investment firm. Beijing Subway: Rolling stock: Type A, 4-car / 8-car: History; Planned opening: 2023: Technical; Line length: 21.9 km (Phase I) Character: Fully underground: Track gauge: 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1 ⁄ 2 in) Operating speed: 80 km/h It’s the second longest subway system in the world after the Shanghai Metro. [102][105] It ran 21 km (13 mi) from Gucheng to the Beijing Railway Station and had 16 stations. In December 2008, the commission moved completion dates of the Yizhuang and Daxing Lines to 2010 from 2012, finalized the route of the Fangshan Line, and unveiled the Changping and Xijiao Lines.[125]. The first section included the four-station segment from Beitucheng Station to South Gate of Forest Park Station, 4.35 km in length, which serves the Olympic Games. on Line 4;[163] 1 min. Today, it runs 18 lines, serves 319 stations, and stretches for 527km. [12] The hotline has staffed service from 5 am to midnight and has automated service during unstaffed hours.[194]. The Beijing Subway is the rapid transit system of Beijing Municipality that consists of 23 lines including 19 rapid transit lines, two airport rail links, one maglev line and one light rail line, and 405 stations. On June 6, 2008, prior to the opening of Line 10, a worker was crushed to death inside an escalator in Zhichunlu station when an intern turned on the moving staircase. The Line 6 extension and the third and fourth phase of Line 8, which cover 28.6 km, went into trial operation on Sunday, hoping to ease traffic congestion in the capital city. [204] On March 29, 2007, the construction site at the Suzhoujie station on Line 10 collapsed, burying six workers. The Beijing Subway was originally developed and controlled by the Central Government. Currently exceeded in length by the metro in Shanghai, China’s largest city and premier cultural and economic force, the Beijing Subway is an evolving project that will make it the longest in the country. It now forms a rectangular loop around central Beijing, an area that is roughly equivalent to the old city, which includes the four precincts: Dongcheng Qu (Eastern Urban Precinct), Xicheng Qu (Western Urban Precinct), Xuanwu Precinct and Chongwen Precinct. It also seems destined to surpass the other giant systems such as London, New York, Moscow and Tokyo. The Chinese lacked expertise in building subways and drew heavily on Soviet and East German technical assistance.

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