© 2001 David Guzik - No distribution beyond personal use without permission. GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Use semicolons to separate groups: 'Gen;Jdg;Psa-Mal' or 'Rom 3-12;Mat 1:15;Mat 5:12-22', There are options set in 'Advanced Options', The Whole Bible 22 In doing this, you will heap burning coals on his head, and the LORD will reward you.” Instead of revenge, we need to show kindness and compassion to others. Such a beautiful picture of Christ as Paul wrote, speaking of those who find refuge in Christ: The Lord appears to be giving David cause for encouragement, yet He’s doing it in such an odd way, It seems a perfect plan for encouraging a future king yet without giving opportunity for his pride to get in the way, Remember that Saul’s downward spiral was propelled by self-importance and pride, But the Lord won’t give David any room to make that same mistake, And his subjects are deadbeats and malcontents, Not much opportunity for pride under these circumstances, Ironically, though, it’s this odd group that becomes the nucleus of support that eventually leads to his crowning as king, God will turn this mustard seed of support for David into a kingdom, But there’s years of time still to pass and a battle that must be fought, Their enemy will seem quite strong for a time, But his defeat is assured from the beginning, I’m sure you can draw your own parallel between David and Christ, Now that David has his modest army, he decides to leave the caves and be on the move again, for if these men could find him, so could Saul, Since there was no safe place in Israel for an enemy of Saul, it makes sense that David would escort his family out of the country, The Moabites might have still had some affinity for his family in light of that connection, David’s great grandmother was a Moabite (Ruth), And the country of Moab is also the sensible place to take them, David might have also sought refuge in Moab, but notice he has no interest in joining his parents there, He says he is is seeking to understand what the Lord will do with him, In other words, David seems to understand that the Lord is working in these circumstances and David must submit to it, For as long as David remained in Mitzpah, the stronghold, his parents were with him, But eventually, the prophet Gad comes to David and encourages him to return, Gad was a contemporary prophet with Samuel, But we have no Bible book by this prophet, We know of him because Samuel writes of him, He appears periodically during the life of David in support of his reign, So already we see the Lord raising up a support structure for David, but it’s the kind of structure that leaves no room for boasting, Meanwhile, the man who has no trouble boasting is raving over David’s escape, Samuel moves back and forth between the story of David and the story of Saul to drive home the contrast, As David is humbly submitting to the Lord’s will, enduring deprivation and taking shelter with Israel’s enemies, Saul is doing the opposite, Under a tree, resting with his attendants surrounding him, But rather than being at peace with his situation, he’s frantic, Saul hears David has followers in the desert now, and he begins to mock David and the song that enraged him so much, Unlike David, Saul has an endless number of loyal subjects, But it’s Saul making accusations that his followers are conspiring against him, He blames them for not revealing that Jonathan and David were in covenant, That covenant was struck in secret, so it’s unlikely the servants were hiding anything, But Saul’s paranoia doesn’t care about the facts, At the end of v.8, Saul is having a full-blown pity party, Once again, if anyone in this story had reason to sit on the ground and pout, it should have been David, But it’s Saul who’s in despair at this point, At this point, the character from the last chapter returns, Doeg, the Edomite, the one who noticed David hanging around the priests in Nob, Doeg tells Saul he knows that the priests gave David support, The way he tells the story makes it sound worse than it was, It wasn’t as though the priests were seeking to assist David so much as they were fooled by David’s lie, And by betraying David, Doeg wins points with Saul and that’s his desire, As Doeg expected, Saul reacts in anger to the news, The king demands the High Priest appear before him along with his whole household and all the priests of Nob, He accuses the priest of conspiring with “the son of Jesse” against him, He mentioned the bread and sword but then concludes these materials would be used to allow David to ambush Saul, Of course, nothing like this was planned, but Saul is simply imagining the worst in his state of paranoia, And the priest is as confused as Saul is paranoid, He first reacts incredulously at the idea that David would oppose Saul, He says no one is more loyal to Saul than David, the captain of his army, But as far as these matters, the priest says he knows nothing of them, which was true, He was acting under the deception David spoke to him, Saul isn’t convinced and orders the soldiers to kill the priests of Israel, The soldiers hear the command but take no action, They weren’t convinced there was good reason to take the lives of God’s anointed priests, These men had too much respect for the priesthood, so much that they felt Saul’s orders could be ignored, Clearly, they saw the command to respect the priesthood to be equal or greater than the requirement to respect the king. ii. The Second Time Around (1 Samuel 26:1-25) 24. Then answered Doeg the Edomite, who was set over the servants of Saul, and said, "I saw the son of Jesse going to Nob, to Ahimelech the son of Ahitub. Psalm 57 describes David as the LORD strengthened him in the cave and prepared him for what was next. GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Select an Ending Point Blue Letter Bible is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. Now, they join him at Adullam cave. (1a) David’s distress at Adullam. And the king said, "You shall surely die, Ahimelech, you and all your father's house!" Pauline Epistles David therefore departed from there and escaped to the cave of Adullam. 1 Samuel chapter 22 summary starts out with David leaving the presence of the king of Gath and dwells in a cave, from whence he sent word to his family where he was and they came to visit and see him. (1Sa 22:20-23) David protects Abiathar, the only survivor of Ahimelech's family. i. conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy (Psalm 57:4, 6), iv. lesson Caught in a Cave Community We respect one another. God called an unlikely and unique group to David in Adullam cave. Share this page using one of these tools: Email / username or password was incorrect! So when his brothers and all his father's house heard it, they went down there to him. For his part, Saul continues in his reckless paranoia. Doeg . b. Doeg implicates the priest Ahimelech as David's accomplice. Luke-Acts a. 1 Samuel 22:9-16. And everyone who was in distress, everyone who was in debt, and everyone who was discontented gathered to him: What a group! d. The title of Psalm 57 reads A Michtam of David when he fled from Saul into the cave. -------------------- i. David's lies did not directly kill Ahimelech and the other priests. Passwords should have at least 6 characters. Then, David had a brief but intense period of backsliding, a dramatic turn to the LORD and deliverance from a life-threatening situation. ", c. The title of Psalm 142 reads A Contemplation of David. Their life is deemed valuable because they rest under the Lordship of a just and sovereign God. The principle that God leads through a called and anointed man is important. Feel a desire to do good for others. "These are the kind of men who came to David: distressed, bankrupt, dissatisfied. The consequences of unjustified personal suffering do not mean that You have turned away from us in our sufferings. Wisdom Literature The name Adullam means refuge, but the cave wasn't to be David's refuge. [A new version of this page can be found here]. Four hundred men, and desperate men at that. An unprincipled leader might make these 400 men into a gang of rebels or cutthroats, but David would never allow this to become a rebel army against King Saul. c. Doeg was more than an ambitious man looking for any opportunity to promote himself. In Psalm 52, David shows his outrage against Doeg: Why do you boast in evil, O mighty man? He works through called men and women, but He also calls others to stand with and support those men and women. Saul was reluctant to kill the enemies of the LORD when he was commanded to (1 Samuel 15:9). i. At the same time, the principle that God rarely calls that man to work alone is important. They had problems of their own, yet God called them to David at Adullam cave. Verse By Verse Ministry International. ii. Psalm 57 shows David with a realistic heart: My soul is among lions … they have prepared a net for my steps. The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, 1 Samuel 22 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. So David departed and went into the forest of Hereth. But here he isn't reluctant to murder the priests of the LORD in cold blood. So when his brothers and all his father's house heard it, they went down there to him, And everyone who was in distress, everyone who was in debt, and everyone who was discontented gathered to him, And there were about four hundred men with him, He said to the king of Moab, "Please let my father and mother come here with you. Just as in David's day, there is a King in exile who is gathering around Him a company of people who are in distress, in debt, and discontented. He simply and honestly says, "Let not the king impute anything to his servant.". I Samuel Menu ... 1 Sam 22:1 David therefore departed thence, and escaped to the cave Adullam: and when his brethren and all his father's house heard it, they went down thither to him. 9. He cared for his parents when he had plenty of problems of his own. A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of 1 Samuel. -------------------- c. Will the son of Jesse give everyone of you fields and vineyards: Saul appeals to the truly worst in these men, asking them if a man from Judah will favor the tribe of Benjamin with riches and promotions. This was a team that needed a leader, and David became captain over them. i. set over the servants--Septuagint, "the mules of Saul." Blue Letter Bible offers several daily devotional readings in order to help you refocus on Christ and the Gospel of His peace and righteousness. 2 Everyone who was in trouble, in debt, or in desperate circumstances gathered around David, and he became their leader. i. 3. Minor Prophets 1. The Whole Bible Pentateuch Saul thinks of himself as the victim! -------------------- "Hereby also God would exercise David's faith, and wisdom, and courage; and so prepare him for the kingdom, and uphold and increase his reputation among the people." i. of Scripture. iv. Saul's dealing with the prophets (such as Samuel) was almost always negative, because Saul resisted the word of God. He needs someone who has no respect nor concern for that Law: a Gentile, And in this case, Saul happens to have that Gentile standing by, Or for that matter, the women, children, even infants, oxen and the rest, There is no indication that the king expected this response, Rather, it seems Doeg went well beyond the call of duty, either out of hatred for Jews or simply to impress the king, The Septuagint indicates that Doeg killed not 85 but rather 385, Josephus also wrote that Doeg killed 300 priests and prophets in Nob, It would seem that he wiped out the family of the high priest and the city of Nob, Ironically, Saul was unwilling to wipe out the Gentile enemies of Israel, the Amalekites, as God directed, But he was all too willing to sin against the Lord by allowing a Gentile to wipe out the Jewish priesthood, But one member of the family survives to perpetuate the priesthood, The priesthood of Eli is doomed to come to an end one day in the future during Solomon’s reign, But for now, it continues through Eli’s family by means of this one refugee, Abiathar escapes from Doeg and makes his way to David, He must have figured that he would be a hunted man like David, so he might as well align with David, Now we can see the wisdom of the Lord in allowing Doeg to attack the priests, This is an example of the Lord turning all things to good for those who love him, Because of Saul’s sin and the sin of this Edomite, the only priest remaining in the line of the high priests is with David, not Saul, David has become the protector of the priesthood and so it will forever be with David, And of course, the Lord is using David and Saul to extinguish the line of Eli as He promised to do, Nevertheless, David is distraught at the thought he was responsible for the death of the priests, David’s blaming himself and though we might be tempted to say he’s overreacting, it’s not far from the truth, His decision to go to the priests was a mistake, And when he saw Doeg, he admits he knew this man would report what he saw, So at the very least he should have stopped Doeg from returning, Nevertheless, David isn’t directly to blame for Saul’s actions, And more than that, he’s psychologically and emotionally unhinged as a result, When Paul says the wages of sin is death, he is speaking broadly about the condition of our soul, When a person lives in persistent sin against the Lord, eventually the wages (i.e., the return) on that lifestyle take their toll, A person suffers a slow death socially, psychologically, physically and even spiritually, If a person has saving faith, then God’s grace will preserve them from the ultimate penalty of their sin, that is the Second Death, But nevertheless, they may still suffer the side effects of sin in this life, This is the state of Saul, a man earning the wages of sin including a deteriorating psyche willing to murder the innocent to obtain what he desires, As David reflected on these circumstances, he wrote another Psalm, Now the story returns to David for a time, once again contrasting the increasing rebellion of Saul with the increasing obedience of David, We assume David returned from Moab to the large cave of Adullam, From there he learns that the Philistines have attacked a Jewish town called Keilah, This town is only about 2.5 miles south of David’s cave, so he recognizes an opportunity to help his Jewish brothers, The Philistines were raiding the grain storage of the Jews living in the surround area of the Shephelah, So David asks the Lord whether he should assist in the defense of the city, Notice David starts with an inquiry of the Lord in prayer, asking for direction, This is the first of four times David seeks the Lord’s counsel in this matter, Interestingly, David’s inquiry of the Lord was by means of the ephod of the high priest who now accompanied him, The ephod of the priest contained two special stones called Urim and Thummim, which means lights and perfection or truth, These stones could be used to divine the will of God, The priest could ask a yes/no question of God and then throw the stones, The stones would then reveal the answer in some way, Obviously, this was a supernatural provision God made available to Israel so that they might seek His will, These stones had been in possession of Saul’s priests, so Saul could have inquired of God at any time, But Saul made no effort to know God’s will, Because he had no interest in following it, The loss of the priests made little difference to Saul, But the arrival of this priest has now become the means for David to operate with the guidance and direction of God, When he asks the Lord whether to proceed into the city, the Lord says go, So David tells his men of the plan, but they object to the sense of it. He inquired of the LORD for him, gave him provisions, and gave him the sword of Goliath. The Gospels i. David needed these 400 men, even if he never thought he did before. (1Sa 22:16-19) Saul commands the execution of the priests and their families, and Doeg the Edomite carries it out. DOEG ACCUSES AHIMELECH. a. What happened to the Jews who died before Jesus was born. In the greater way, it was David's mere presence with Ahimelech that made him guilty before Saul, and there really wasn't anything David or anyone could do about that. c. So Doeg the Edomite turned and struck the priests: Doeg, who was not a Jew, but an Edomite, didn't hesitate to murder the priests and their families. 13 # Short Commentary & Lesson from 1 Samuel 24.8-22 Imagine how tempting it may have been for Favid to kill Saul. A Time to Kill, or Not (1 Samuel 24:1-22) 22. For your servant knew nothing of all this, little or much. 649-663. memory Verse “Let us not become weary in doing good” (Galatians 6:9, nIv). Then the king said to the guards who stood about him, "Turn and kill the priests of the LORD, because their hand also is with David, and because they knew when he fled and did not tell it to me." And he answered, "Here I am, my lord." v. These all came to David when he was down and out, hunted and despised. b. (Psalm 142:1-4). Lesson 10. objectives the children will: Know everyone is valued by God. (Psalm 57:2), iii. ", a. I knew that day, when Doeg the Edomite was there, that he would surely tell Saul: David showed how he felt about this in Psalm 52, which says in its title A Contemplation of David when Doeg the Edomite went and told Saul, and said to him, "David has gone to the house of Ahimelech. And God, being just, deems all life as equally valuable. So he brought them before the king of Moab, and they dwelt with him all the time that David was in the stronghold. 10. he inquired of the Lord for him--Some suppose that this was a malicious fiction of Doeg to curry favor with the king, but Ahimelech seems to acknowledge the fact. If Ahimelech would have known of the conflict between David and Saul, he could have chosen to stand with David, and die with greater honor. Now the prophet Gad said to David, "Do not stay in the stronghold; depart, and go to the land of Judah." They are just as called and anointed as David is, but they are called and anointed to follow and support David, and he is called and anointed to lead them. -------------------- (1b-2) Others come to David at Adullam cave. The Son of David is ready to receive distressed souls, who will be commanded by him. All rights reserved. b. Historical Books David therefore departed from there and escaped to the cave of Adullam. He had the high of immediate fame, a recent marriage, dangers from the Philistines, repeated attempts on his life, and a heartbreaking farewell from everyday life to live as a fugitive for who knows how long. John bare witness of him, and cried, saying, This was he of whom I spake, He that cometh after me… (Psalm 52:5), iii. Privacy Policy And the Lord tells David that if he stays, the people will betray him to Saul, In other words, the Lord is telling David he must flee to save himself, This city is not to become a refuge for David, It was God’s will that David remain on the run from Saul, This is an important footnote on our earlier analysis of David’s godly leadership, It would be natural to assume too much about this victory, That since God sent David up against this city and delivered a great victory that therefore the Lord was also prepared to defend David against Saul, David could have made that assumption without even seeking the Lord’s counsel. "Look at all the help Ahimelech gave David! Historical Books First, it shows a wonderful love. b. Escaped to the cave of Adullam: This was David's place of refuge. e. David had his followers, and so does the Son of David, Jesus Christ. God is the One who saves. In the lesser way, David's lying to Ahimelech made the priest more vulnerable than ever before Saul. Invite a student to read 1 Samuel 9:15–17 aloud. I Samuel Lesson 22: Contact: David Parham 940-322-4343 Website: Internet Bible Studies. After Samuel’s … 2 Samuel 15:13-37 & Psalm 3 • Dealing with Betrayal 2 Samuel 24 • David’s Census. Will I be a man of Saul or a man of David? b. Till I know what God will do for me: David doesn't know the whole story. You love evil more than good, lying rather than speaking righteousness. After all, why would the Lord have produced such a great victory only to let Saul destroy David in the end? Sunday, December 6, 2020 Lesson Text: John 1:15-28 King James Version (KJV) I. (1Sa 22:6-8) Feeling sorry for himself, Saul accuses his aides of treason. It was only those who were sick of the reign of Saul who came to David. (1Sa 22:9-10) Doeg reports on Ahimelech and David to King Saul. Poetical Books Recognizing the value of consistent reflection upon the Word of God in order to refocus one's mind and heart upon Christ and His Gospel of peace, we provide several reading plans designed to cover the entire Bible in a year. The poor simple-minded high priest knew nothing of the existing family feud between Saul and David. This probably wasn't what David really wanted to hear, but he obeyed anyway. Read 1 Samuel 15:22-23. 22:8 “For all of you have conspired against me so that there is no one who discloses to me when my son makes a covenant with the son of Jesse, and there is none of you who is sorry for me or discloses to me that my son has stirred up my servant against me to … He is training and preparing them for the day when He shall come to reign." d. All of you have conspired against me … there is not one of you who is sorry for me: In his fleshly, self-focused world, everything revolves around Saul. And he inquired of the LORD for him, gave him provisions, and gave him the sword of Goliath the Philistine.". 5. "It is very possible that these several disaffected and exceptionable characters might at first have supposed that David, unjustly persecuted, would be glad to avail himself of their assistance that he might revenge himself upon Saul, and so they in the mean time might profit by plunder, [and so forth]. So the king sent to call Ahimelech the priest, the son of Ahitub, and all his father's house, the priests who were in Nob. In 1 Samuel 17:28, David's brother unjustly accused and criticized David. What a blessing to David! So he became captain over them. But God wants us to be active. Let not the king impute anything to his servant, or to any in the house of my father. (Trapp), iii. Their own lives weren't easy or together. In the wilderness, did Jesus have supernatural power to resist temptation? They wanted something different, and something better, and God called them to David at Adullam cave. "Herein David became a type of Christ, the Captain of our salvation, who cried, 'Come unto me, all ye that are weary.'" (B)When his brothers and his father’s household heard about it, they went down to him there.2 All those who were in distress or in debt or discontented gathered(C)around him, and he became their … In the way in which I walk they have secretly set a snare for me. 22 But if I say to the youth, h ‘Look, the arrows are beyond you,’ then go, for the L ord has sent you away. ii. iii. # 22.1 Correction; cf 22:4-5; MT cave When David’s siblings and all his extended family learned of this, they went to join him there. So we need to have the humility to seek the Lord again for confirmation, This isn’t an indication that we lack faith, It’s simply a reasonable precaution to avoid falling into the pride of mistaking our own voice for God’s, Then once we have confirmation, we move out and call upon those who look up to us to follow in support, For if we’re sure the Lord has spoken, then we must also have confidence He will bring the rest of the plan together, Spiritual leadership is often a matter of persevering in spite of opposition from God’s people, to say nothing of the enemy, David’s men need inspiration to overcome their fears and step out in faith, And David provided that inspiration without resorting to pride or bravado, Humility is an admirable and inspiring quality in any leader, Finally, David doesn’t let his men pout in self-pity, He tells them it’s time to get busy saving others, Nothing inspires us to serve and obey God better than focusing on the needs of others before our own, Ironically, when we live a self-centered lifestyle, we are unlikely to obtain the spiritual blessing we seek, But when we make serving others the goal, the Lord will take care of those needs, Sure enough, as David and his men obey the Lord, the Lord brings a great victory, Just four hundred poorly armed men were able to defeat a Philistine army of unknown number, And they free the city from the attackers, So not only has David won a great victory that endears him to the people, But in the process the Lord has made a provision for him with the livestock, What a great example of seeking first for the righteousness of God and having all the other needs met in the process, Now that David has made a big splash in defending the city, word is going to reach back to Saul who is still search frantically for David, Samuel reminds us that when David went to the battle, the priest Abiathar accompanied him with the ephod, This shows us that David intended to continue consulting the Lord throughout his movements, And that proves to be a wise move on David’s part, Because he will need to consult the Lord again concerning what do to next, David has entered this city after the battle and is wondering if this might be a safe haven for him to defend himself against Saul, He’s pretty confident that Saul’s army can’t penetrate the elaborate walls of the city, But that’s true only if the inhabitants of the city take David’s side in the battle, Because David will need their help to defend the city from Saul’s attack, He realizes this city could be David’s prison, And he trusts that if he sieges the city, the inhabitants will give David up rather than rebel against the king.

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