It does give a slightly firmer marshmallow… Scopoletin, quercitin, kaempferol, chlorgenic acid, caffeic acid and p-coumaric acid are also present in the roots. Bottom pictures show two types of marshmallow plants. Packaging & Shipping • 1 oz., 2 oz., and 4 oz. > Much of what makes a mucilage are its polysaccharides that are a complex carbohydrate bonded by sugar molecules. Rochester (VT): Healing Arts Press; 2003. Key Constituents – mucilage, starch, pectin, flavonoids, phenolic acids, sucrose, asparagine, tannins Leaf: flavonoids, scopoletin, polyphenols (Hoffman, 2003). The root contains 25-35% of the mucilage; however, the content of purified mucilage is much lower. Chemical constituents include altheahexacosanyl lactone (n -hexacos-2-enyl-1,5-olide), 2β-hydroxycalamene (altheacalamene) and altheacoumarin glucoside (5,6-dihydroxycoumarin-5-dodecanoate-6β- D -glucopyranoside), along with the known phytoconstituents lauric acid, β … It says it is indicated for 'gastritis, gastric or peptic ulceration, enteritis, inflammation of the mouth or pharynx, respiratory catarrh with irritating cough, cystitis. Marshmallow root is rich in sugars, making it an excellent mucilage and softening on the tissues. and 16 oz. Overview: The roots of marshmallow are rich in mucilage, a complex mixture of polysaccharides that form a soothing gelatinous fiber when water is added. By 1955 there were 35 manufacturers in the US creating what we know today as the puffy, white, indispensable addition to s'mores. Learning Center Blumenthal M, Goldberg A, Brinckmann J, editors. This herbal drug by definition consists […] It also exhibits antimicrobial activity against P. aeroginosa, P. vulgaris and S. aureus.2,3. Asparagine, sugar, pectin and tannin have also been identified in the root. In 1966, Beaune et al. Please consult any relevant product labels for detailed information on use and with a medical practitioner for individual health advice. • 8 oz. Uses. These properties were recognized by the taxonomists who named it. (G3) Marshmallow root is used in combina-tion with anise fruit, eucalyptus oil, liquorice and with anise fruit, liquorice and primrose root and with anise fruit and primrose root for catarrh of the upper respiratory tract and resulting dry cough. Locally for varicose or thrombotic ulcers. *These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. Purified homogenous mucilage of marshmallow mucilage is composed of L-rhamsose, D-galactose, galacuonnic acid, and D-glucuronic acid in molar ratio of 3:2:3:31. With its use stretching back thousands of years, Marshmallow Root was used by the ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans. This smooth, slippery substance is believed to soothe and protect irritated mucous membranes. Made by hand until 1900, marshmallow root was added to corn syrup, egg whites, and water and was heated, and poured into molds. Studies on irritated mucus membranes have shown that the mucilage of marshmallow binds to buccal membranes and other mucous membranes of the body. All parts are useful, including root, leaf, and flower. Contact us for information regarding international product distribution. In inflammations of the digestive tract, such as inflamation of the mouth, gastritis, peptic ulcer, enteritis and colitis,the root is advised. It is also high in pectin, which may lower blood glucose concentrations. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. Herbs are grown, nurtured and harvested from non-gmo seed and are solar dried. Marshmallow (Althaea officinalis), Marshmallow root preparations consist of peeled or unpeeled dried root of Althaea officinalis L., and contain mucilage polysaccharides (6.2-11.6%) composed of galacturonorhamnans, arabinans, glucaris, arabinogalactans; carbohydrates (25-35 %); flavanoids; glycosides; sugars (10% sucrose); amines (up to 12% asparagines); fat (1.7%); calcium oxalate; coumarins; phenolic acid9; and sterols. Marshmallow (Althaea officinalis) fills out the description of demulcent to a tee. Top: dried marshmallow root. Extracts from hybrid plants have been found to be more mucilaginous with different sugar composition compared to native plants.11. Hoffmann D. Medical Herbalism: The Science and Practice of Herbal Medicine. The mucilage content of the root, leaves and flowers is highest in the late fall and winter (approximately 11%) and lowest in the spring and summer (5-6%). Meyer E. Behandlung akuter und chronischer Bronchitiden mit Heilpflanzen. I-Althaea officinalis Synonym : Malva officinalis Common names: English name : Althaea, Marshmallow, Arabic name: khatma , Khatmi Distribution: Native to Asia, Europe and United States of America. Marshmallow is a marshy plant growing up to three feet high with a soft velvety texture. The flowers are five-petaled and either pale pink or white. Yet another preference for preparing demulcent herbs is described below in the context of marshmallow root, our poster child of the demulcents! All Rights Reserved. Franz, G. and Chladek, M. [Comparative studies on the composition of crude mucus from crossbred descendants of Althaea officinalis L. and Althaea armeniaca Ten]. For the dried root, adults can take a … The roots also contain pectin, sugars, asparagines, and small amounts of sterols. Marshmallow root can be used similarly to slippery elm for people who are weak and unable to eat many foods. The traditional medicinal uses of the plant are reflected in the name of the genus, which comes from the Greek althainein, meaning "to heal". Extract RE was obtained from the roots of Althaea officinalis in a yield of 8.1%, related to the dried plant material, by extraction with MeOH–H2O (1:1), followed by precipitation with EtOH to remove high molecular weight constituents. In accordance with the European Pharmacopoeia (8th ed., 01/2012:1126) marshmallow root (Althaeae radix) consists of peeled or unpeeled, whole or cut, dried root of Althaea officinalis L. It has a swelling index of minimum 10, determined on the powdered herbal substance. Marshmallow given intraperitoneally to rats at a dose of 10mg/kg exhibits phagocytic activity, suppresses mucociliary action, and stimulates phagocytosis. Marshmallow root tea is considered an emollient, expectorant, and mild laxative. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. When cool – add 100 g Slippery Elm Bark. ... From a chemical constituents perspective, marshmallow root is best used as a cold infusion. It refers specifically to a room in a monastery where medicinal plants were kept. Combinations of marshmallow preparations with steroids have been used in the management of dermatological conditions, and the plant appears to possess anti-inflammatory activity that potentates the effect of topical steroids.8,12 In vitro, anti-inflammatory effects of an ointment containing marshmallow extract and dexamethasone (0.05%) was superior to the individual ingredients in the alleviation of chemically-induced rabbit ear irritation.4 Marshmallow extract in vivo stimulates phagocytosis and the release of cytokines from monocytes, including interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor.13, At doses of 10mg/kg, 30mg/kg and 100mg/kg, marshmallow reduces plasma glucose levels to 74%, 81% and 65% of prior values, respectively, after seven hours in rats.1, Marshmallow mucilage is not altered in the digestive tract until it reaches the colon, where it may be partially or completely digested via bacterial action.5, © 2020 Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. Heat 100g powdered marshmallow root in the combined fats for an hour over a waterbath. gastritis, peptic and duodenal ulceration, enteritis. Xylose, glucan, arabinogalactan, acidic polysaccharide containing 2-O-alpha-D-galacturonopyranosyl-l-rhamnose10 are also present in the hydrolysate of leaf and flower mucilage. Made with organic ingredients. Sigma-Aldrich Products are sold exclusively through Sigma-Aldrich, Inc. Marshmallow mucilage, taken either from the roots or the leaves are useful for soothing irritated or damaged mucous membranes in the digestive tract and lungs. (marshmallow root) The EMEA acknowledges that copies of the underlying works used to produce this monograph were provided for research only with exclusion of any commercial purpose. Newton (MA): Integrative Medicine Communications; 2000. St Louis, Missouri: Elsevier. Purified homogenous mucilage of marshmallow mucilage is composed of L-rhamsose, D-galactose, galacuonni… This plant is native to Europe and parts of Asia and is part of the Malvaceae family. The stem and leaves are covered in soft hairs, and the grayish-green leaves are rounded to triangular in shape with pointed and serrated edges. Nutrition Research Custom & Predesigned DNA Oligos & qPCR Probes, Advanced Genomics – CRISPR Technology & RNAi. Reproduction of any materials from the site is strictly forbidden without permission. Phytochemical Characterization of Low Molecular Weight Constituents from Marshmallow Roots (Althaea officinalis) and Inhibiting Eﬀects of the Aqueous Extract on Human Hyaluronidase‑1 Marshmallow Root Constituents: Mucilage (arabinogalactans and galacturonorhamnan), the amino acid asparagines, antioxidant flavonoids 8-hydroxyluteolin and 8-b-gentiobioside, coumarins, fats, kaempferol, phenolic acids, quercetin, sugars, tannins, and volatile oil. It is not a replacement for medical advice. The roots also contain pectin, sugars, asparagines, and small amounts of sterols. The leaves, flowers, or root of the plant are used. Nosal'ova, G., Strapkova, A., Kardosova, A., Capek, P., Zathurecky, L., and Bukovska, E. [Antitussive action of extracts and polysaccharides of marsh mallow (Althea officinalis L., var. In the United Kingdom, marshmallow root is listed in Schedule 2, Table A of the General Sale List (GSL), and is also accepted in reviewed medicines for internal use. Chemical constituents. Marshmallow. ;55: 107-8 . > Planta Med 2000 Feb; 66(1): 48-53. or 'heal all'. Sendker J, Böker I, Lengers I, Brandt S, Jose J, Stark T(1), Hofmann T(1), Fink C(2), Abdel-Aziz H(2), Hensel A. The content on this site is meant for informational purposes only, and is not intended for use as official health consultation or recommendations. Flora Inc. takes no responsibility for harm that may result from the use, abuse or misuse of information contained on this site. robusta)]. The root contains starch (37%), mucilage (11%), pectin (11%), flavonoids, phenolic acids, sucrose, and asparagine. Marshmallow root preparations consist of peeled or unpeeled dried root of Althaea officinalis L., and contain mucilage polysaccharides (6.2-11.6%) composed of galacturonorhamnans, arabinans, glucaris, arabinogalactans; carbohydrates (25-35 %); flavanoids; glycosides; sugars (10% sucrose); amines (up to 12% asparagines); fat (1.7%); calcium oxalate; coumarins; phenolic acid9; and sterols. Botanical names: Althea officinalis How It Works Mucilage, made up of large carbohydrate (sugar) molecules, is thought to be the active constituent in marshmallow. Scientific Name/Common Name: Althaea officinalis / Marshmallow Part(s) Used: Root Constituents/Active Ingredients: 5-10% mucilage (levels vary greatly depending upon time of harvest and post-harvest processing).The mucilage is made up of a complex mixture of acidic polysaccharides containing arabinose, glucose, rhamnose, galactose, and galacturonic acid. Please read our Privacy Statement. Disclaimer: This information in our Herbal Encyclopedia is intended only as a general reference for educational purposes. Marshmallow is a gentle, soothing plant with a tendency to calm irritated, inflamed tissues and to facilitate the healing process. Marshmallow root, or Althaea officinalis, is a flowering plant that has played a role in herbal medicine for centuries. The whole plant contains a tacky, slimy substance known as mucilage, with the root of 2-3 year old plants containing the highest percentage. • 32 oz., 64 oz., and 1 gallon extracts come in plastic bottles with a plastic screw cap. | Privacy. Amongst its many traditional uses it was used to make possibly the first ever cough sweets. Tomoda, M., Shimizu, N., Oshima, Y., Takahashi, M., Murakami, M., and Hikino, H. Hypoglycemic activity of twenty plant mucilages and three modified products. Alcaraz M.J., Moroney M., Hoult J.R.S. > Marshmallow Root Tincture. chemical constituents and the pharmacological and therapeutic effects of Althaea species grown in Iraq. The mucilage is made up of a complex mixture of acidic polysaccharides containing arabinose, glucose, rhamnose, galactose, and galacturonic acid. References: Bone, K. (2003). Constituents/Active Ingredients: 5-10% mucilage (levels vary greatly depending upon time of harvest and post-harvest processing). conducted an experimental study and found that the anti-inflammatory properties of marshmallow alone were superior to dexamethasone monotherapy rabbits.4 Although these data suggest that marshmallow may possess anti-inflammatory properties that are additive to topical steroids, measurement techniques and statistical methods were not adequately described. I found the marshmallow root powder in a store selling all sorts of health ingredients, but indeed, it’s not easy to get your hands on some! Mucilage, a good source of soluble fiber, is particularly recommended for soothing gastrointestinal diseases. Overview: The roots of marshmallow are rich in mucilage, a complex mixture of polysaccharides that form a soothing gelatinous fiber when water is added. Major health-related benefits of the marshmallow plant. Leaf: flavonoids, scopoletin, polyphenols. Life Science The garden varieties are called HollyHocks. Beaune, A. and Balea, T. [Anti-inflammatory experimental properties of marshmallow: its potentiating action on the local effects of corticoids]. A Clinical Guide to Blending Liquid Herbs: Herbal Formulations for the Individual Patient. All text and Images © Flora Inc. Thus, both parts … Traditional Use/Benefits/Body Systems: Traditionally used in Herbal Medicine (as a demulcent) to relieve the irritation of the oral and pharyngeal mucosa and associated dry cough and as a demulcent to relieve mild inflammation of the gastro-intestinal mucosa, e.g. “Althea” is from the Greek and means “to heal” or “healing power.” “Officinalis” is a commonly applied name for plants with a history of medicinal use. Key Constituents in root and leaf: Root: mucilage, starch, pectin, flavonoids, phenolic acids, sucrose, asparagine, tannins. A polysaccharide dose of 50mg/kg was equally effective as "Syrupus Althaeae" in a dose of 1,000mg/kg.7 The extract was less effective than marshmallow polysaccharide.5 Demulcent properties of marshmallow may be due to reduction of local irritation that causes gastritis. It has large light pink or purple five petaled flowers with a faint aroma. Since you’ll be using the marshmallow in Rocky Road using agar agar could be a back up option as well. Marshmallow root tea is considered an emollient, expectorant, and … Althaeae radix Marshmallow root Althaea officinalis L. Published 2019 Format: PDF Online viewing (for only €30 per year, you can view online all the monographs) Summary The herbal monograph selects and summarizes scientific studies and textbooks regarding efficacy, dosage and safety to support the therapeutic uses of marshmallow root. Taste is sweet and texture is mucilaginous. Organic grain alcohol, distilled water, and organic marshmallow root. Marshmallow Root Tea has a pleasant, earthy taste. Marshmallow is high in aluminum, iron, magnesium, selenium, tin, and substantial amounts of calcium. Piovano, P. B. and Mazzocchi, S. [Clinical trial of a steroid derivative (9-alpha-fluoro-prednisolone-21- acetate) in association with aqueous extract of althea in the dermatological field]. This content does not provide dosage information, cautions/contraindications, or possible interactions with prescription drugs. extracts come in amber glass bottles with a dropper. Marshmallow was traditionally used internally for soothing sore throats, laryngitis and tonsillitis, coughs, dryness of the lungs, and digestive upsets. Huriez, C. and Fagez, C. [An association of marshmallow-dexamethasone: the pommade Dexalta]. The flowers give way to round flattish fruits known as “cheeses.” The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia (BHP) describes the actions of Marshmallow root as 'demulcent, diuretic, emollient & vulnerary'. Mucilaginous herbs like marshmallow root may inhibit coughing by forming a protective coating on the mucosal lining of the respiratory tract, shielding it from irritants.2,6 Marshmallow reduces the transport velocity of isolated ciliary epithelia and may protect mucous layers in the hypopharynx, exert spasmolytic, antisecretory, and bactericidal properties.2 Antitussive activity has been demonstrated by oral doses of marshmallow root extract and a marshmallow polysaccharide (100mg/kg and 50mg/kg respectively) in cats as compared to a non-narcotic cough suppressant. Plant Profiler Marshmallow is an erect perennial that can grow to 3 or 4 feet tall with a strong tap root that is yellowish on the outside. Type in Product Names, Product Numbers, or CAS Numbers to see suggestions. Scientific Name/Common Name: Althaea officinalis / Marshmallow. The German Pharmacopoeia recommends marshmallow root tea for treating inflammation of the mucous membranes of the mouth and throat and the associated dry cough. Marshmallow is also used as a poultice for healing wounds and skin inflammations. The viscous fiber has several beneficial effects on digestion: 1) it reduces bowel transit time (acts as a mild laxative); 2) it absorbs toxins from the bowel; 3) it increases fecal bulk and dilutes stool materials thereby reducing stool contact with the gastrointestinal mucosa; and 4) it enhances beneficial bacteria within the gastrointestinal tract and provides an excellent substrate for bacterial fermentation. Phytochemical Characterization of Low Molecular Weight Constituents from Marshmallow Roots (Althaea officinalis) and Inhibiting Effects of the Aqueous Extract on Human Hyaluronidase-1. To see a step by step article on making cold infusions with marshmallow check out the free HerbMentor Newsletter. Parts of Marshmallow Root Used: The dried root. Muller-Limmroth, W. and Frohlich, H. H. [Effect of various phytotherapeutic expectorants on mucociliary transport]. Clinical Studies/Scientific Research/References: Schmidgall J, Schnetz E, Hensel A. Licensed by Natural Standard Copyright © 2010 by Natural Standard Corporation. Evidence for bioadhesive effects of polysaccharides and polysaccharide-containing herbs in an ex vivo bioadhesion assay on buccal membranes. (1989) Effects of hypolaetin-β-O-glucoside and its aglycone in in vivo and in vitro tests for anti-inflammatory agents. MEDICINAL USES : Marshmallow's demulcent can be used wherever soothing and healing properties are needed. Precautions Should be taken with at least 250mL (8 oz) of liquid. sizes come in amber glass bottles with a plastic screw cap and do not include a dropper. Herb Description. Site Use Terms Herbal Medicine: Expanded Commission E Monographs. Marshmallow roots are high in polysaccharides and starches. > (G3) Dosage Dried leaf 2-5Gg or by infusion three times daily;(G6,G7) 5 g. (G3) Leaf, liquid extract 2-5 mL (1:1 in 25% alcohol) three times daily. The mucilage in marshmallow is both the reason it can be made into a delicious, fluffy treat, as well as the active constituents behind its medicinal uses.
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