interacting via symbols. The conclusion the profiler neglect or underweight the base-rate information, that is, s/he commit the base-rate fallacy. 3 The Base-Rate Fallacy The base-rate fallacy 1 is one of the cornerstones of Bayesian statistics, stemming as it does directly from Bayes' famous 1The idea behind this approach stems from [13,14]. Deductive reasoning, choice (A) , refers to drawing conclusions by integrating different pieces of evidence. The base rate fallacy is committed when a person focuses on specific information and ignores generic information relating to the overall likelihood of a given event. -study of structure and function of society, study of women (objectification, stereotyping, gender roles, experience, politics) in order to understand why there is gender inequality, -person's beliefs and health behaviors should be understood in the context of their own culture, -norms that are deemed highly necessary to the welfare of a society and have consequences if violated, -norms that govern everyday behavior (like holding a door open), -considered unacceptable by almost every culture (ex. A phenomenon observed when individuals must make judgments that are complex but instead substitute a simpler solution or perception, poverty wherein people do not have enough resources to acquire basic life necessities such as shelter, food, clothing, and water, the minimum of stimulus energy needed to activate a sensory system, in classical conditioning, the process of taking advantage of reflexive responses to turn a neutral stimulus into a conditioned stimulus, -in perception, a decrease in stimulus perception after a long duration of exposure, process by which existing schemata are modified to encompass new information, occurs when a person misjudges the likelihood of an event because he or she doesn't take into account other relevant base rate information. With strong ties to the concept of base rate fallacy, overreaction to a market event is one such example. incest), -established standards of behavior that are written down and have very clear consequences, -compares individuals with a disease to individuals without a disease, pressured to give socially acceptable response, -participants take the same exam over and over again, which affects responses, -participants drop out of a study over time, which affects the results, -individuals are related by choice, such as through marriage, -infants preferred spending time clinging to the cloth mother, -society feeling fragmented and lacking cohesiveness, -negative aspects of a situation are focused upon, not the good aspects, -people make judgments overly based on information that is immediately available to them, person interprets things in a way to bolster self-esteem, including how they carry out attribution, the degree to which causal conclusions can be drawn from a study, which can include accounting for potential confounding variables, -degree to which the findings of a study are generalizable to the population as a whole, -the extent to which a study appears to assess what it is intended to assess--the degree to which it 'seems right' to participants and researchers, -whether a study comprehensively accounts for all the relevant facets of the phenomenon it is intended to investigate`, a center for reward sensitivity that is often implicated in addiction research, like traditional X-rays, produces multiple images or pictures of the inside of the body, individuals make different interpretations about stimuli, such as interpreting stigma negatively or non-negatively, -Darwin studied the evolution of emotion, examining emotion from the perspective of its value in successful reproduction, an animal behaving in ways that it ensures the propagation of its genes, -basic conflict that emerges when an individual reaches maturity (at 65 and older) and is reflecting on his or her life, -basic conflict that occurs during middle adulthood (ages 40-65), when individuals are trying to balance employment and being parents, occurs during young adulthood (19-40), when individuals need to form intimate relationships with other people, -occurs during adolescence (12 to 18 years), when teens are trying to develop social relationships with others and find a sense of self or personal identity, -Kubler-Ross model of stages when a person is facing the end of their life, the aging of biological factors and the physical body, -aging that relates to behavioral factors like diet and exercise, advantages of within-subject studies over between-subject studies.
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